February in Barcelona

February, in my mind, is a cold and gray month, where days pass slowly on the couch with a cup of tea and a book. However, February in Barcelona is completely different! There are so many interesting events that you won’t have time to sit on the couch.

Llum Bcn

The Festival of Light is a very popular event in Barcelona. It was held for the first time in 2012 and was a huge success. Since then, every year for three days, the Poblenou district changes its appearance, surprising us with colorful illumination.

This year’s edition has been organized by artists from all over the world, and students from 14 schools of architecture, design, and art from all over Spain.

During the three days when the sun goes down, you can discover the Poblenou districts all over again. In the whole neighborhood, you will find more than 25 different artistic installations, mapping, and lasers that turn ordinary buildings and squares into an artistic scene. Some of the shows take place in the interior of the buildings, so don’t be surprised when you see a long queue to get inside. The festival is a free event, so don’t hesitate and rediscover the Poblenou.

When : 14.02.2020 -16.02.2020 Details: https://www.barcelona.cat/llumbcn/en/installacions.php

Carnival in Sitges

Sitges is a small town, 35 kilometers from Barcelona. It is surrounded by the Graf Mountains on one side and the Mediterranean Sea on the other. It’s a beautiful little town with colorful houses, in summer it’s full of tourists who prefer to spend time away from the crowded Barcelona. For a week in February Sitges attracts more than 250,000 people to enjoy the carnival together.

Each evening the show starts with an amazing street parade with 44 cars, on which beautifully dressed performers dance. The streets are full of people wearing fabulous costumes. If you feel like crazy fun, the first weekend of the carnival is for you, if you want something quieter, don’t worry, you will find many other attractions not only for adults but also for children. On the last day of the carnival, there is a big bonfire on the beach with a fireworks show to end the celebration.

When: 20.02.2020-27.02.2020 Details: https://www.visitsitges.com/en/carnaval-sitges-2020

Places with soul

Barcelona is full of amazing buildings and historical places, but after all day sighting, you will just dream to sit in a nice restaurant or cocktail bar to relax. I prepared for you two propositions of the emblematic bar and restaurant that you can’t miss during your stay in Barcelona! Why? When you enter inside you will feel like you travel in the past with a time machine. Interesting?

Els Quatre Gats

Els Quatre Gats mean four cats, this restaurant is located in the Gothic quarter in a building called Casa Martin made by the famous architect Josep Puch & Cadafalch. Els 4 Gats soon became the most popular meeting place for all artists who lived or visited Barcelona. Apart from meetings, other shows, concerts, and exhibitions were organized. In 1898 the 17-year-old Pablo Picasso, a regular customer of the restaurant, organized his first exhibition.Besides this great painter, musicians such as Isaac Albéniz and his friends Enric Granados and Lluís Millet or architect Antoni Gaudi were clients of Cuatre Gats.

The owner Pere Romeu was a dreamer, not a practical businessman. Prices of food in the restaurant were very low and often customers got it for free. Over time this caused huge debts in Els 4 Gats. Therefore, six years after its inauguration, in June 1903, the tavern had to close the door to the surprise of all the people of Barcelona.
In 1970, three private companies, with the help of the city hall, reopened the Four Cats. The restaurants have preserved the decorations from the old times, and on the walls, you will find copies of paintings made by Ramon Casa and Pablo Picasso.

Bar Marsella

The Marsella bar is located in the Raval district and has been open since 1820. It is the oldest bar in Barcelona city. For almost 200 years of history, its interior has not changed, you can sit at the old curved wooden tables where Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, and Salvador Dali sat while sipping hallucinogenic absinthe. To this day the Marsella bar’s specialty is absinthe, served in the traditional way, but it no longer has a narcotic effect.

American director George Lucas, impressed by Marsella, decided to shoot one of the scenes of the television series “Adventures of Young Indiana Jones” in the bar. Indiana Jones meets his friend Pablo Picasso in the Marsella bar and they plot together against German diplomats.

In 2013 the Marsella Bar was almost closed. the rental licenses expired and private investors wanted to buy the building. Thanks to the Barcelona residents who mobilized under the slogan “Save the Marsella Bar” , city council decid to save pice of history and bought the building for more than a million euros.

La Castañada- the feast of chestnut

From today (31 October ), you will see chestnut sales on the streets of Barcelona. Why exactly from now on? During the night from 31th of October to 1th of November, the Catalans do not only celebrate All Saints’ Nights but also the Castañada – the eve of roasted chestnuts. During dinner, the families gather at the table and eat roasted chestnuts, bread and drink wine. Where does this tradition come from?

History

From the beginning of the ancient era chestnuts were quite an important product on the Iberian peninsula. Chestnuts and acorns were one of the basic products in the Iberian diet. With the arrival of the Romans on the Iberian Peninsula, chestnut cultivation increased. They were eaten as dried fruits or ground into flour.
During pagan holidays and festivities, chestnuts were offered as gifts to the gods in gratitude for the successful harvest.

But what does the chestnut have in common with the All Saints’ Nights ? We can find the beginning of this tradition in two customs, both from the end of the 18th century.

According to the first story, the tradition of Castañada is coming from the old funeral banquets. During these banquets, the only food served was legumes , dry fruits and chestnuts. During the baking of chestnuts, three parts of the rosary were recited for the souls of the deceased.

The second explanation is more practical. During the All Saints’ Nights the people had to pray all night for the souls of the dead. To prevent falling asleep, the church belfries had to ring the bells from dusk to dawn. The work was long and hard, the belfries ate highly energetic food to do their job: chestnuts, potatoes and wine.

If you are in Barcelona, try roasted chestnuts and feel the tradition of Castañada, if not, don’t worry, roasted chestnuts are selling on the streets of Barcelona until March.

Flags in Barcelona

Did you notice the number of different flags on the streets of Barcelona? During my tours, tourists often ask me about flags and symbols on public buildings and private homes. I decided today to write a post about it in order to dispel any doubts.

Spanish flag

This year the Spanish flag celebrated its 175th birthday. In 1843 Queen Isabella signed a royal decree that converted the flag into a national symbol. However, history began much earlier in the 18th century with King Charles III. At that time, the Spanish flag was white with the royal coat of arms of the Bourbon family. This caused many misunderstandings during sea battles. Why? Many European kingdoms, such as England, France, Toscani, Sicily, Palermo, also used a white background on their flag. The Spanish Navy couldn’t recognize the enemy from afar and it happened that it attacked its own ships. King Carlos III ordered a new flag to be designed. From 12 examples he chose one that had two red stripes and one yellow. These colours were very easy to distinguish from the water and flags of other countries.

The Catalan flag “Señera”

The Catalan flag is a symbol of the heraldic line of the Counts of Barcelona and has been in use since 1150. It is the oldest flag in Europe that is in use. A medieval legend explains how this symbol was created.
In the 9th century, when the region of March Hispanic (future Catalanne) was a vassal of France. The region was ruled by many counts, but the most important was the Count of Barcelona, Wilfred.
According to legend, the King of France asked Wilfred to help in the fight against the Normans, a tribe occupying French territory. Count Barcelona came with his army and helped liberate France, but was seriously injured during the battle. When Wilfredo was recovering from the wounds in his tent, the French king went to visit him and offered him everything he wanted, as a reward for the courage shown on the battlefield. Wilfredo pointed to his shield, which was all gold, and asked him to give him a coat of arms. The King of Franks put four fingers in Wilfredo’s bleeding wound and drew four vertical lines with Wilfredo’s blood on a golden shield.

Estelada

Etelada (star) is an unofficial flag of supporters of the independent region of Catalonia. The flag was designed in 1918 by the famous Catalan activist Vicenza Albert Ballester & Camps. He was inspired by the Cuban flag. The Ballester & Camps add a blue triangle with a white star to the Catalan flag, as a symbol of Catalan independence .

Yellow ribbon

Yellow ribbon, which can be seen on the clothes of residents, windows and balconies of their homes. This symbol has been used since 2017, when the leaders of the two main pro-Catalan parties were arrested by the Spanish judiciary for organising a referendum on the independence of Catalonia. The symbol expresses the solidarity and support of former pro-Cathalonian leaders.

October in Barcelona!

Summer is over, but you can still enjoy Barcelona’s amazing weather. If you think there aren’t so many things to do in October in this magical city, you are mistaken. I have for you a list of upcoming events in Barcelona.

Oktoberfest 2019

Oktoberfest in Barcelona! Are you surprised? You shouldn’t be, it’s the eighth edition that is organized in this magic city. If you are a beer lover, you must go to the Octoberfest and try some special beers, like the Paulaner, which was made especially for the original Oktoberfest in Munich. I can guarantee you that you won’t be hungry during the festival, as you will find some typical German dishes like sausages, pretzels or pork knuckles.

On the 3d of October at 18:30, there will be an opening ceremony with live music, contests, and the traditional Bavarian costumes. Please be advised that it is a free party so it can be very crowded!

When: 03.10-13.10 Where: Square del Univers de Fira de Barcelona.

Free Friday Night in Egyptian Museum of Barcelona

The Egyptian Museum of Barcelona launches the second edition of Free Friday Night. The doors will be opened from 7 pm until 12 pm. You will be able to admire two permanent collections formed by more than 1,200 pieces as well as the exhibition ‘Tutankhamun, history of a discovery’. During the day, more activities are scheduled for visitors, such as workshops in hieroglyphic and mummification.

When: 04.10 Where: Museo Egipto Barcelona

Festival the Rosary

Since 1962, the festival the Rosary is celebrated in Barcelona, or more exactly on the Rambla and its close surroundings. This festival is organized in favor of “la Mare de Deu del Roser” (Our Lady of Rosary), the saint patron of the street. During the festival, La Rambla is beautifully decorated with flowers, with the statue of Colon, Palau Vireina or Palau Moja being particularly stunningly adorned.

When: 05.10-7.10.2019 Where: La Rambla

Mercats mercat

Mercats mercat means in English ‘Market of Markets’. This event is organized by the City Hall, and this year will mark its 10th edition. You will be able to assist to presentations, sessions of live cooking, cocktail-making workshops, wine tastings and much more held by the stallholders of the municipal markets and professionals of the gastronomic sector.

When: 18.10-20.10 Where: Aveniguida de Cathedral

La Monumental Club

Monumental Club is one of my favorite activities in October. La Monumental Club is a fair for people of all ages. During the two days of fair, you can enjoy family activities such as Big Mini’s music workshops and self-portraits. You will find a market with new and second-hand clothes and vintage items. In case you are hungry, there is plenty of food trucks, meaning when you can have a drink as the scheduled DJs are playing live. If I still didn’t convince you, be advised that this event is organized in a beautiful old stadium used for bullfighting.

When: 05.10 Where: Plaza de Toros Monumental de Barcelona

Discover the remains of Romans

Barcelona city has more than 2000 years of history. At the end of first century BC, the Roman Emperor Augustus decided to create a small village for retired soldiers, which he named “Colonia Iulia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino”, later called Barcelona. The city was created on a rectangular plan with cut corners and was surrounded by walls. Between the III and IV centuries, the citizens of the small Barcino created new walls. Today in Barcelona you can still find the remains of the Roman city. Every year, there are new archeological discoveries from that time. I will tell you about 4 places where you can see some remains of the Roman city, which are not so well known by tourists and I believe not even so well known by locals.

Centre Civic Pati Llimona

Pati Llimona is a civic center specialized in photography. What’s so special about it? When you enter it, you will be able to see the remains of the roman walls from IV century and one of the main gates to the city. The entrance is free.

Carrer del Correu Vell / Carrer d’en Groc

At the corner of these two streets, you will find a very tiny pathway which will take you to a small patio where you can admire the defense towers that were built in the 3d century. If you look on the left, you will see, through glass windows, some remains of Romans terms from the 1st century.

Terms were very popular during the Roman era – they were used by citizens who didn’t have their own “bathroom”, but it was also a place where merchants were making business. Terms had different sorts of spaces, such as pools filled with hot or cold water, swimming-pools, places to exercise and others for receiving massages.

The terms located in Barcino originally measured more than 1500m2 and most probably were divided into two parts, one for women and one for men. The structure that you can still see today is the cold-water pool. Terms were abundant in the 4th century.

If you wish to discover this small space of the Roman terms, doors are open on Tuesdays and Thursdays 10:00-3:00, on Wednesdays 5:00-8:00, and on Saturdays 10:30 – 13:30. The entrance is located on Regomir street, 6.

Domus Sant Honorat

The construction of this Domus (house) is dated back to somewhere between the first century BC and the 4th century. The location of this house, right next to the Forum, which was the center of religious and political power, shows the high social status of the owner.

In the Domus, we can see remains of the Domus viridarium (a garden with various ornamental elements) and a series of cubicula (the family’s private rooms). This museum occupies a very small surface area of only 100m2.

The museum of Sant Honorat is open on Sundays 10:00 -14:00, ticket price is 2 €.

Domus Avinyo

Domus Avinyo, just like Domus Sant Honorat is dated back to somewhere between the first century BC and the 4th century, but the archeological remains are much smaller than in Sant Honorat. In the Avinyo house, you can admire paintings that ornate the ceiling and walls, whereas the floors are covered with ceramic tails. The remains correspond to the part of the roman house where the guests were received. The big plus of this small museum Domus Avinyo is that you can watch a video explaining how the city of Barcelona and the house used to look during Roman era.

The museum of Domus Avinyo is open on Sundays 10:00 -14:00, ticket price is 2 €.

Please be advised that all these venues are very small, so you will spend there around 10-15min.

The Cemetery of Poblenou – a hidden gem.

I am pretty sure that when you were planning your holiday in Barcelona, visiting a cemetery isn’t something that crossed your mind. The cemetery of Poblenou is a hidden gem and I highly recommend you to find a bit of time to take a walk around it. The cemetery is located in the neighborhood of the same name in the city of Barcelona. Also known as the general cemetery of Barcelona, ​ Cementerio del Este, Cementerio de Levante or Cementerio Viejo.

History

The citizens of Barcelona used to live surrounded by the city walls and tombs. Bacteria and diseases were spreading fast, causing epidemics and plagues. To stop this madness, the city hall decided to create the first cemetery outside of the city walls, in an uninhabited area, close to the Mar Bella beach. It opened in 1775.

At the beginning of 19th century, the army of Napoleon destroyed the tombs. In 1813, young Italian architect Antonio Ginesi was contracted to build a new cemetery. He designed it with two main parts, the section closer to the entrance being particularly complex with thousands of burial niches. Walking towards the back part of the cemetery, you will find the individual tombs of some of the most important and rich citizens of Barcelona. The tombs are spectacularly sculpted and decorated, in different styles and forms.

In 1821. Due to the terrible cholera epidemic in the city, which caused thousands of deaths, the cemetery space had to be fully utilized.

The area, since its inauguration, has been modified several times, the most important of which was in 1849, when Joan Nolla built a pantheon in which the works of famous architects and sculptors are concentrated. This space shows the will, wealth and social prestige of Barcelona’s bourgeoisie from the mid-19th century, even on the graves.

The most famous sculpture at the Poblenou Cemetery “Kiss of death