Barcelona city has more than 2000 years of history. At the end of first century BC, the Roman Emperor Augustus decided to create a small village for retired soldiers, which he named “Colonia Iulia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino”, later called Barcelona. The city was created on a rectangular plan with cut corners and was surrounded by walls. Between the III and IV centuries, the citizens of the small Barcino created new walls. Today in Barcelona you can still find the remains of the Roman city. Every year, there are new archeological discoveries from that time. I will tell you about 4 places where you can see some remains of the Roman city, which are not so well known by tourists and I believe not even so well known by locals.
Centre Civic Pati Llimona
Pati Llimona is a civic center specialized in photography. What’s so special about it? When you enter it, you will be able to see the remains of the roman walls from IV century and one of the main gates to the city. The entrance is free.
Carrer del Correu Vell / Carrer d’en Groc
At the corner of these two streets, you will find a very tiny pathway which will take you to a small patio where you can admire the defense towers that were built in the 3d century. If you look on the left, you will see, through glass windows, some remains of Romans terms from the 1st century.
Terms were very popular during the Roman era – they were used by citizens who didn’t have their own “bathroom”, but it was also a place where merchants were making business. Terms had different sorts of spaces, such as pools filled with hot or cold water, swimming-pools, places to exercise and others for receiving massages.
The terms located in Barcino originally measured more than 1500m2 and most probably were divided into two parts, one for women and one for men. The structure that you can still see today is the cold-water pool. Terms were abundant in the 4th century.
If you wish to discover this small space of the Roman terms, doors are open on Tuesdays and Thursdays 10:00-3:00, on Wednesdays 5:00-8:00, and on Saturdays 10:30 – 13:30. The entrance is located on Regomir street, 6.
Domus Sant Honorat
The construction of this Domus (house) is dated back to somewhere between the first century BC and the 4th century. The location of this house, right next to the Forum, which was the center of religious and political power, shows the high social status of the owner.
In the Domus, we can see remains of the Domus viridarium (a garden with various ornamental elements) and a series of cubicula (the family’s private rooms). This museum occupies a very small surface area of only 100m2.
The museum of Sant Honorat is open on Sundays 10:00 -14:00, ticket price is 2 €.
Domus Avinyo, just like Domus Sant Honorat is dated back to somewhere between the first century BC and the 4th century, but the archeological remains are much smaller than in Sant Honorat. In the Avinyo house, you can admire paintings that ornate the ceiling and walls, whereas the floors are covered with ceramic tails. The remains correspond to the part of the roman house where the guests were received. The big plus of this small museum Domus Avinyo is that you can watch a video explaining how the city of Barcelona and the house used to look during Roman era.
The museum of Domus Avinyo is open on Sundays 10:00 -14:00, ticket price is 2 €.
Please be advised that all these venues are very small, so you will spend there around 10-15min.