Barcelona is divided into 10 districts (Barrios). I prepared for you a little guide with the oldest barrios in Barcelona and the attraction you can find there. A Ciuta Vela is a term used to describe the oldest districts of the city. It includes Barrio Gothic, El Raval, El Borne and Barceloneta. Each of them has its own style, vibe and atmosphere.
The Gothic district is the oldest part of the town. More than 2000 years ago, Roman Emperor Augustus decided to create a small village for a retired soldier, exactly where the Gothic district is today. Over time, the small town became one of the most important cities on the Iberian Peninsula. From the 13th to 15th century, the Gothic style was popular in architecture and many new buildings were built. Barrio gothic really does not exist, the name was invented in 1928 just before the Exposicion Internacional in order to attract tourists. Many of the buildings in the center were destroyed or rebuilt to fit the concept of the Gothic style.
The best way to visit is by walking, entering a narrow street around the most famous places: Cathedral Sanat Cruz, Palau Generalitat or Basilica of Santa Maria del Pi.
The name of the district comes from the Arab world of Rabad – a neighborhood. The history of Raval began in the Middle Ages and was mostly occupied by infidels until the 19th century. The construction of many warehouses and factories has a huge impact on the settlement of immigrants. In 1990, Ayuntamiento launched a number of projects to integrate immigrants into the Barcelona community. In these days, Raval is a multicultural neighborhood, full of life day and night.
In Raval you can see the famous “Cat” from Fernando Botero and MACBA – Museu d’Art.Contemporani
This part of the city began to be inhabited around the 13th century by an aristocratic family very closely connected with the Count of Barcelona. The nobility were very tired of the crowded city, so they decided to move just behind the Roman walls and build spectacular Gothic palaces. In the 14th century, the district became a business centre, thanks to so many craftsmen who settled down in El Borne. To this day, the street names are linked to the craftsmen who lived and worked in the particular street.
El Born is the heart of the city, tourists mix with the locals, relaxing in the numerous cocktails bars and restaurants. I recommend getting lost in the small streets and discovering tiny craft shops.
The main attractions are Cathedral Santa Maria del Mar , the Centro Cultural El Borne and the Picasso Museum.
The Barceloneta district is the youngest of the Ciutat Vella. Barceloneta was founded in the second half of the 18th century as a district for the people of Ribera, whose homes were destroyed after the war of succession.
The inhabitants of Barceloneta had jobs related to the sea: fisherman, boatbuilder, etc. 100 years later,after the Industrial Revolution, many factories were opened. Fishermen slowly moved out and immigrants moved in. Just before the Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992, the area changed completely, factories disappeared and the city hall has ordered the creation of a beaches. Today, this part of Barcelona is loved by tourists, you’ll find there many restaurants and cocktail bars.