I am pretty sure that when you were planning your holiday in Barcelona, visiting a cemetery isn’t something that crossed your mind. The cemetery of Poblenou is a hidden gem and I highly recommend you to find a bit of time to take a walk around it. The cemetery is located in the neighborhood of the same name in the city of Barcelona. Also known as the general cemetery of Barcelona, Cementerio del Este, Cementerio de Levante or Cementerio Viejo.
The citizens of Barcelona used to live surrounded by the city walls and tombs. Bacteria and diseases were spreading fast, causing epidemics and plagues. To stop this madness, the city hall decided to create the first cemetery outside of the city walls, in an uninhabited area, close to the Mar Bella beach. It opened in 1775.
At the beginning of 19th century, the army of Napoleon destroyed the tombs. In 1813, young Italian architect Antonio Ginesi was contracted to build a new cemetery. He designed it with two main parts, the section closer to the entrance being particularly complex with thousands of burial niches. Walking towards the back part of the cemetery, you will find the individual tombs of some of the most important and rich citizens of Barcelona. The tombs are spectacularly sculpted and decorated, in different styles and forms.
In 1821. Due to the terrible cholera epidemic in the city, which caused thousands of deaths, the cemetery space had to be fully utilized.
The area, since its inauguration, has been modified several times, the most important of which was in 1849, when Joan Nolla built a pantheon in which the works of famous architects and sculptors are concentrated. This space shows the will, wealth and social prestige of Barcelona’s bourgeoisie from the mid-19th century, even on the graves.